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“一带一路”战略构想与国际社会

  • 作者:戴长征 王宏禹
  • 丛书名:
  • 版次/印次:1/1
  • ISBN: 9787566315670
  • 出版社:
  • 出版时间:2016年10月
  • 开本:170mm×240mm
  • 字数: 211千字
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  • 介绍/前言
  • 目录

  Preface

  DaiChangzheng

  Chinaissaidtobethewinnerofglobalization;tosomeextent,it’strue.China’seconomyhasbeenrapidlystridingforwardinthepastthreedecadesafterthelaunchingofreformandopenninguppolicy.Asaresult,China’scomprehensivenationalstrengthhasbeengreatlyenhanced.Generallyspeaking,China’sriseiswelcomedintheinternationalsociety,however,somecautiouscommentsanddebatesinthemeantime,havealsobeenputforward.Thisisofcoursesomewhatlogic.Asanationphsicallysobigof1.3billionpopulation,withsomanyuncertaintiesandflexibilities,itsgreatchangesnaturallywouldattractcuriositiesandinterests,andevenworriesfromtheinternationalsociety.

  DiscussionsaboutChinaanditsrelationswiththerestworldmainlyfocusonwhetherChina’srevivalwouldfollowapeacefulwayandinwhatwayChinawoulduseitspower.ConsideringanothersenarioappearingsodifferentlyfromthatofChinawitheconcomicrecessionasthemainsymptomintheWestafter2008economiccrisis,theworryandanxietyofsomepeopleinJapan,theUSAandEuropeareunderstandable.Becauseinthelonghistory,Chinahasactedasthepupiloflearningmodernizationandbeenusedtolookinguptotheexistantpowers,it’shardforthosecountrieswhichareregardedasmodelsofmoderntimeworldtomakeobjectiveassessmentofChina’sachievement,andit’sevenharderforthemtoadapttothechangingsituationresultedfromChina’srising.

  Ontheonehand,Chinahasalsobeenatthecrossroadoftransition.EvenifweonlytakeintoconsiderationtheeconomyinChina,problems,difficultiesandevenpredicmentsareeasilyfound.Increasementslow-down,strcuturalimbalance,defectiveefficiency,highenviromentalcost,resourceandenergydefficiencyareafewfactorsamongwhichtrapitsfurtherdevelopment.Ontheotherhand,Chinaisholdinganovercapacityofproductionhardtobedigestedinthetraditionalway,verycontrarytothestatusquoofitsmostneighbouringcountrieswhicharesufferingfromlackofbasicimpetusofdevelopmentduetothescarceinfrastructureandproductivity.Inthisregard,bothsidesofChinaandtheneighbouringcountriesareinneedofeachother.Evencountriesbeyondtheregion,becauseoftheirdevelopmentalstages,andbecauseofthedivertiesofproduction,consumptionandmarkets,commoninterestsandchancesofcooperationarestillabundant,andneedtobefoundandactivated.

  Drawingfromthepastexperiences,practicallyChinaisclearofit’sowneffectivestrategyofreformandopenningup,andtheneedofutilizingboththedomesticandforeignmarkets.Ontheotherhand,Chinahasdeepunderstandingoftheglobalizationstrengthandthesignificanceofinternationalcooperation.Further,withtheenlightmentofitstraditionalwisdom,ChinaneverjudgesitsachievementontheerroneousbasisofChauvinismandbigpower’ssuperiosity.Butrather,Chinahasincreasinglyrealizedthatapeacefulandproperousworld,andamutuallydependentrelationshipswithothernationsareforemostsignificanttoitsowninterests.InPresidentXi’swords,buildingcommunityofcommonfatessurelycomformstotheinterestsofbothChinaandtherestoftheworld.

  Againstthisbackground,OBORinitiativewasproposed.Greatinterestandheateddebateswereattractedaftertheinitiativewasannounced,notjustbecauseitwasasograndplanandsomanycountrieswouldbeinvolvedin,butalsobecauseitwaspublicizedrightatthetimethattheWestworldwasincreasinglysensitiveofChina’seconomicsuccessandpoliticalinfluence.ItiseventrueregardingthatJapan,theUSAandWestEuropewerestillwrestlingwitheconomicstagnationandrecession,andthegeopliticalsituationwasmorepronetotheChineseside.

  It’sreasonableforthosecountries,especiallytheexistantbigpowerstoshowtheirprecautionsontheissue,however,ontheChineseside,it’ssoclearthatOBORinitiativeisneitheraMarshelPlanreadyfortheColdWar,noraninstrumentforgeopoliticalcompetition.Itisaprogrammeandplatformforinternationalcooperationandeconomicrevitalization.TheBeltandRoadcountriescouldlinkmorecloselywithChina’sdevelopmentandsharetheopportunitiesofglobalization,andChinacouldalsotakeadvantagesoftheopenningbusiness,tradeandmarketsofthosecountries.Inotherwords,OBORinitiativeisnotazero-sumgame,butawin-winscheme.

  Inlightofthis,andtomoredegreefortheirnationalinterests,someofthecountriesintheWestalreadyhaveexpressedtheirhighappraisalandenthusiasm,andevenhavetakenpracticalactionstojoinin.Forexample,theUK,Germany,FranceandItalyhavealreaybecomethemembersofAIIB,andCanadaexpresseditswillingnessofthemembershipofAIIBattheeveofG20SummitheldatthecityofHangzhourecently.Itisreasonabletoestimatethatmoreconntrieswouldbecomeinterestedinandparticipateintheinitiativebasedonthieirrationalcalculationandnationalnecessity,regardingthatmoremutualinteraction,understandingandtrustwillbestrenghthenedbetweenChinaandtherestWorld.

  Includedintheproceedingtobepublishedarepaperswhoseauthorsarefrommorethan10countriesofbothChinaandforeignonesdedicatedtotheinternationalconferencewiththetitleof“ThefourthInternationalSummerForumatUIBE—‘TheBeltandRoad’InitiativeandInternationalSociety”heldattheUniversityofInternationalBusinessandEconomics,Beijing,ChinaonJuly19th,2015.Morethan30scholarsbothdomesticandabroadtriedtoextendtheirlearningandunderstandingofChina’sOBORinitiative,andhopedtofurthertouchupontheprofoundmeanings,waysofimplementation,meansofcooperation,andeffectslikelytobecreatedofOBOR.Varitiesofrelevantissuesandnearlyalldemensionsconcernedwereputintohotdiscussionsanddebates.Reasonably,exclusiveagreementcouldnotbeachievedbecauseoftheauthors’diversifiedstances,viewpointsofvalues,perspectivesofobservation,andmethodsofresearch,however,allthepaperscollectedherehavedemonstratedakindofprofessionalspirit,academicpursuit,andscientificgraveness.Inthissense,thoughthecollectionmayholdsomepreliminaryandprematurereflectionsontheinitiative,itisstillofgreatvalueandworthbeingpublicized,sothatitcouldnotonlybeanaffirmationoftheeffortsoftheconferenceandthehardworkoftheauthors,butalsobegreathelptothereaderswhoarekeepinggreatinterestandcuriosityinthefantasticOBORinitiative.